Today, breast surgery is a procedure that helps women achieve the shape and size of breast they always wanted. Breast surgery is sometimes performed to increase breast size and sometimes to reduce it. The techniques used for breast surgery include liposuction, surgery through incisions, and breast implants.
WHY DO WE UNDERGO BREAST SURGERY?
Breast is of special importance to women, because it is a symbol of femininity and also as a standard of attractiveness, has a significant role in their appearance. Therefore, women undergo breast cosmetic surgery to make their breasts proportionate to other parts of their body. One of the reasons why women undergo breast surgery is having large breasts. Actually these people usually are not obese, and the cause of large breasts is the sensitivity of breast tissue to sexual hormones. In large breasts, the only effective treatment and the best method is breast surgery, and non-surgical methods and drug therapies are not recommended due to raising different complications. Large breasts may cause numerous physical problems, including pain in shoulders, neck, and back.
Accordingly, there are also some people who refer to the doctor for their overly small breasts, which in addition to the method of enlarging breasts with exercise, can be enhanced by surgical procedures, such as implant surgery.
Therefore, types of breast surgery generally include breast augmentation, breast reduction, breast reconstruction, and mastopexy (breast lift). Breast surgery is one of the cosmetic surgeries that has become very popular nowadays, and women who have lost their self confidence because of their large or small breasts, can undergo this surgery.
BREAST SURGERY TECHNIQUES
Liposuction is one of the breast reduction methods. In this procedure, first, a fluid containing anesthetic and vasoconstrictor is injected into the breasts. Then, by making 2-3 mm holes in parts of the breast skin, fat is suctioned out using a suction tube, and the volume of the breast is reduced. But it should be mentioned that saggy breasts can not be fixed with this method, and the best candidates are those whose excess breast size is largely due to excess fatty tissue and have little to no sagging to correct. Note that it cannot be predicted how much of the breasts can be reduced by using this method.
SURGERY THROUGH INCISIONS
In this type of breast surgery, different incisions are made on the breasts to make them smaller, and size of these incisions vary according to the breast largeness, droopiness, and amount of excess skin. In very large breasts, an incision is made around the areola, a vertical incision from the areola to the breast crease, and a horizontal incision along the crease under the breast. The result of this type of breast surgery is a smaller, firm, and lifted breast. Depending on the type of surgical procedure, sometimes it is necessary to wait until one year after breast surgery for the final shape of the breasts.
Despite the above two commonly used methods of breast reduction, breast implant method is performed for people whose breast size is too smaller than normal size.
After delivery and breastfeeding, changes in weight and aging cause changes in the appearance of most women’s breasts. That is, breasts lose their initial shape, start to sag, and move down from their original position on the most upper front part of the chest. For these people, smaller breast implants are needed, and lifting is done with minimal breast skin tightening.
BREAST SAGGING TREATMENT
Breast sagging, which involves lifting breast skin, is used to treat saggy breasts. With breast surgery, saggy and loose breasts are raised and reshaped without any changes in their overall volume. In this method, breast tissue is tightened causing breasts look smaller.
WHO IS A GOOD CANDIDATE FOR BREAST SURGERY?
The general health of people who are considering having a breast surgery should be good and normal. Breast surgery may not be recommended for people with certain conditions, such as heart, lung, kidney, mental, and nervous system problems if they have not been controlled.
people over the age of 35, and those with a lower age but a family history of breast cancer, should have a mammogram or breast ultrasound before breast surgery. Any type of smoking after breast surgery has a negative impact on wound healing.
BREAST REDUCTION SURGERY
One of the methods of breast surgery is reducing the volume of overly large breasts. The excess volume of breast in most people might be causing pain in back, shoulders, or neck. Decreasing the weight of breast can help correct shoulder grooves. Breast reduction surgery can alleviate all these pains and make breasts smaller, lighter, and more proportionate to the rest of their body.
BREAST REDUCTION PROCEDURE
Breast reduction surgery is performed to remove excess fat, skin, and tissue from breasts. It is done on an outpatient basis using one of these three techniques. The first one is an inverted-T incision from the areola to the breast crease, the second one is made along the crease underneath the breast, and the third one is made around the edge of the areola.
The type of incisions in breast surgery depends on the patient’s body anatomy and the type and amount of tissue to be removed. After making incisions, excess breast tissue is removed and the remaining breast tissue is reshaped and displaced. The place of areoles changes as well. Finally, the incisions are closed and special dressings are used to cover them.